What is an operating system?

The most crucial programmed that runs on a computer is the operating system. It controls the memory and operations of the computer, as well as all of its software and hardware. It also enables you to communicate with the computer without having any prior knowledge of its language. A computer is useless without any operating system.

Some operating system require installation or come pre-installed on new computers, while others can be launched immediately from media or flash memory.

Main types of operating system:

There are two main types of operating system which are as follow:

  1. Open source operating system 2) close source operating system

  • Open Source operating system

Open source operating system is a system software in which the source code is out under a license in which the copy rights holders having rights to use, change and gave to any one for any determination.

Some examples of open source operating system are as follow:

  • Linux

  • Open Solaris

  • Free RTOS

  • Open BDS

  • Fedora

  • Close Source operating system

The close source operating system is opposite to open source operating system. In close source operating system the source code is not out to copy rights holders, and they didn’t change it or distribute it to any other person for any purpose.

Some examples of close source operating system are as follows:

  • Apple iOS
  • Microsoft windows
  • Window Phones

Open source operating system versus Close source operating system

Closed source operating system is referred to a software that holds the source code safe and encrypted. Meaning, the user can’t copyright, modify, or delete parts of the code without some type of conclusion.

Open source operating system is completely opposite to close source operating system. It allows user to copyright, modify or delete parts of the code under their own self-control. The user is able to use the functions of the open source on their own program with no output.

Which one work best? Choosing the best type of software depends on your business needs and objectives. The best way to compare is to look some of the biggest differences between the two types.


Closed source software creators are the ones that generally handle the development and fixes.

Open Source development is handled through “mass collaboration”


Closed source will usually have a dedicated FAQ.

One the other hand, for open source there are not many support options such as dedicated and organized FAQ.


Closed source tends to have only as much flexibility as the creators intended.

While Open source software tends to allow a lot more flexibility.

Advantages of open source operating system

The term open source operating system refers to computer software or applications that allow users to third parties to use, view, and edit the product’s source code. An open source operating system’s source code is publically accessible and rewritable. The closed source operating system are normally found in Apple’s iOS, Microsoft’s Windows.

Some basic examples of the open source operating systems are Linux, Open Solaris, Free RTOS, Open BDS, Minx etc.


The following are the top OSS benefits:

  1. Independence and adaptability.

  2. Excellence quality.

  3. Costs are reduced exponentially.

  4. Security.

  5. Community based innovations.

Introduction to Linux

The very well and commonly used open source operating system is Linux. Linux is an open source operating system that sits under all the other computer operating system, collecting requests from those applications and sending those requests to the computer’s hardware.

The following are some of the most popular Linux distributions:

  1. Debian

  2. Open SuSE

  3. Fedora

  4. CentOS

  5. Times

And many more, of course.

Advantages of Linux Operating system

One of the most interesting advantage of Linux is that it is the operating system, which ensures that its source code is freely accessible to anyone at all.

Anyone is able of coding can be contribute their code to any one for any purpose.